Breakdown of The Marijuana Plant

As medical marijuana continues to rise as a treatment option for those who suffer from debilitating illnesses, it’s important to education ourselves on the anatomy of the plant and learn from the root up. Patients who use medical marijuana to ease their symptoms are typically aware of the two most prominent aspects of the plant: the flowers and memorable leaf. But, what other parts of the plant make up this natural medicine? Stay tuned as we breakdown the marijuana plant.


Seeds and Roots

The cannabis seed consists of a small embryo tucked into a hard, outer shell. When the temperature and humidity are just right, the seed will break out of the shell and start to grow. As the sprout continues to grow, the root tip lengthens becoming the taproom of the plant. Lateral roots grow below the seed for stabilization.


Once the leaves have broken through the surface and are exposed to light, they begin to produce photosynthesis for the plant. These are the classic marijuana leaves often referred to in the cannabis market, as it’s very distinguishable. Each leave will grow “leaflets” until the maximum amount is produced, ranging from five to nine leaflets depending on the strain.


Cannabis plants are dioecious, meaning they are either a male or female organism. Male flowers produce the pollen which fertilizes the female flowers, in return produces seeds. To differentiate the male and female flowers, the male will flowers will resemble small, light green bananas. Female flowers express a teardrop-shaped base which protrude fine-hair structures to capture the pollen in the air.

Taking time to educate and learn about the anatomy of the marijuana plant can give a greater appreciation for the medicinal properties cannabis holds, and the power behind it.



If you have questions about medical cannabis or its use in treatment, please contact Mary and Main to speak with our qualified medical professionals.

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