A lot of learning about cannabis-related products is having the knowledge to know which one does what. To a novice, all the information may seem overwhelming. To someone who has used cannabis in the past, they may know a little about terms and what they mean. For an individual who just wants to learn about basic terminology, a good place to start is with understanding the terms “Indica” and “Sativa” as a jumping-off point. From there, the rest will start to make more sense.
Go into any dispensary and it is easy to see the different types of strains. Every one of them is unique and has its own benefits and effects. It is easy to categorize them in one’s mind as being a certain way before realizing they may have many more effects than anyone dared realize. Growers often categorize plants based on traits like how they grow, chemical profiles, and that helps them sell on the market. However, there is more to knowing about indica and sativa than meets the eye.
Where Indica and Sativa Originate
Indica and sativa were identified in 1753 as psychoactive cannabis plants. Jean-Baptiste Lamarck identified Cannabis indica as a different species. In the 1930s, a Russian botanist identified a third subspecies to add to the mix. Most cannabis plants, the botanist thought, flowered as a result of changing sunlight. Three cannabis species were laid out in the later 1970s, C. sativa, C. indica, and C. ruderalis. There was a difference, they noted, between cultivars high in THC with low CBD, those with high THC and CBD, and those with high CBD to THC ratio. One species was created called C. sativa, followed by C. indica, which form the two subspecies we know about today to identify cannabis plants based on the shape and size of their main leaves.
Indica strains mostly produce a mellow cannabis experience. A person may feel physical and mental relaxation when using it and sometimes it is referred to as a ‘body high.’ People may use it at night, to help them sleep, and offer some low-key chill vibes before bed. For people who use it medically, it can help with chronic pain, stress, or anxiety.
Sativas are used mostly during the daytime. Consumption of these comes with bursts of energy, euphoric feelings, and increased creativity. This ‘head high’ can be quite alarming for some if they are not used to it or aware of the effects. People often choose sativas when they have a lot to do and want to stay alert. It helps with mental fog, brings clarity, and helps people focus.
There is a lot to know about indica and sativa strains. The more knowledge a person has, the better they can select the products they like. Not all products treat people the same. It is best to meet with experienced dispensary professionals who understand the strains, how they work, and find support for the use of cannabis-derived products to make the most informed choice possible.